On October 14, 2012 the USCG posted Port Security Advisory (PSA) 4-11 to its Homeport website. In essence, the Advisory removes conditions of entry previously imposed on vessels arriving from the Republic of Congo. â€œThe Coast Guard has determined that the Republic of Congo is now maintaining effective anti-terrorism measures in their ports.â€ Actually, vessels that had visited only the Djeno oil terminal in the Republic of Congo were already excepted from the conditions of entry.
Countries remaining on the list of those considered not to be maintaining effective anti-terrorism measures are: Cambodia, Cameroon, Comoros, Cote dâ€™Ivoire, Cuba, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, Iran, Liberia, Madagascar, Sao Tome and Principe, Syria, Timor-Leste, and Venezuela. Some ports and/or terminals in some of these countries are deemed to be sufficiently secure and vessels arriving from those ports or terminals are exempted from the conditions of entry applicable to the rest of the country.
As conditions of entry into the United States, vessels that visit a country on the list (other than from an exempted port/terminal) during one of their last five port calls before arriving in the US should take the following (summarized) actions:
1. Implement measures per the shipâ€™s security plan equivalent to Security Level
2 while in port in the affected countries.2. Ensure that each access point to the ship is guarded and that the guards (shipâ€™s crew or outside security personnel) have total visibility of the exterior (both landside and waterside) of the vessel.
3. Attempt to execute a Declaration of Security.
4. Log all security actions in the shipâ€™s log.
5. Report actions taken to the cognizant U.S. Coast Guard Captain of the Port prior to arrival in the U.S.
.â€œFailure to properly implement the[se] actions . . . may result in delay or denial of entry into the United States.
.â€Vessels will met by the USCG on arrival. â€œBased on the findings of the Coast Guard boarding or examination, the vessels . . . may be required to ensure that each access point to the ship is guarded by armed security guards and that they have total visibility of the exterior (both landside and waterside) of the vessel while in U.S. ports.â€ Vessels â€œthat have demonstrated good security compliance and can document that they took the measures called forâ€ will â€œnormallyâ€ have the armed security guard requirement waived.
The last time a country come off â€œthe black listâ€ was in April, when the Islamic Republic of Mauritania was removed by PSA 2-11. In the meantime, Cote dâ€™Ivoire and the Union of the Comoros were placed the list by PSA 3-11 in May. Before that, Sao Tome and Principe was blacklisted by PSA 3-10 in April 2010. So hereâ€™s hoping that the improvement in the Congoâ€™s port security foretells a reversal of the down ward trend.
To see the exempted ports and terminals and the actual wording of the conditions on entry, go to the Coast Guardâ€™s Homeport website, click on â€œIPS Programâ€ in the menu â€œFeatured Homeport Linksâ€ on the right side of the page, then click on â€œPort Security Advisoryâ€ in the menu under â€œInternational Port Security Program (ISPS Code)â€ on the left side of the page. This should bring up the list of various Port Security Advisories (PSAs), including Port Security Advisory – Conditions of Entry (4-11)
NOTE: This post may be copied, distributed, and displayed and derivative works may be based on it, provided it is attributed to Maritime Transportation Security News and Views by John C. W. Bennett, http://mpsint.com.