The report details findings from a panel of experts and decision-makers from Arctic nation governments, industry and indigenous communities convened by the Coastal Response Research Center, a UNH-NOAA partnership housed at the university. The panel, which included representatives from the U.S. Coast Guard and U.S. Arctic Research Commission, assessed the potential threat of maritime accidents in the Arctic and the ability of nations in the region to respond effectively to vessels in distress, oil spills and other situations.
â€œThe reduction of polar sea ice and the increasing worldwide demand for energy will likely result in a dramatic increase in the number of vessels that travel Arctic waters,â€ said Nancy Kinner, UNH co-director of the CRRC and a professor of civil and environmental engineering. â€œAs vessel traffic increases, disaster scenarios are going to become more of a reality.â€
The reportâ€™s key recommendations include:
Strengthening multinational plans and agreements for all types of responses
Improving logistical support capabilities for disaster responders
Updating weather data and navigational charts for the Arctic
Studying the behavior of oil in cold water and improving technologies for spill response in Arctic conditions
Designating potential ports in the Arctic where damaged vessels can be taken to safeguard them against the Arcticâ€™s harsh environmental conditions and reduce the risk of harm to the environment
The reportâ€™s findings and recommendations are based on the panelâ€™s examination of five potential emergency response scenarios: a grounded cruise ship whose 2,000 passengers and crew must abandon the vessel; an ice-trapped and damaged ore carrier; an explosion on a fixed drilling rig north of Alaska; a collision between a tanker and fishing vessel that results in a large oil spill; and the grounding of a tug towing a supplies barge in an environmentally sensitive area near the Bering Strait.
“Now is the time to prepare for maritime accidents and potential spills in the Arctic,” said Amy Merten, NOAA co-director of the CRRC. “This report clearly indicates that international cooperation and adequate resources are key to saving lives and protecting this special region.”
The report is available online.
The University of New Hampshire, founded in 1866, is a world-class public research university with the feel of a New England liberal arts college. A land, sea and space-grant university, UNH is the stateâ€™s flagship public institution, enrolling 11,800 undergraduate and 2,400 graduate students.
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