The following is the text of a news release from the American Maritime Partnership (AMP):
(WASHINGTON) — In the wake of Hurricane Maria, the American Maritime Partnership on Wednesday issued the following statement regarding the men and women of the American maritime industry’s critical dedication to delivering essential cargoes to areas impacted by the storm and the capacity and capability of Jones Act vessels to meet Puerto Rico’s present and future needs.
“The men and women of the American maritime industry stand committed to the communities in Puerto Rico impacted by Hurricane Maria, where many of our own employees and their families reside and are working around the clock to respond to the communities in need. As our industry has done in past natural disasters, including most recently Hurricanes Harvey and Irma, we are actively working with the administration, FEMA, MarAd, and relief organizations to deploy quickly and deliver essential goods like food, fuel, first aid supplies, and building materials. Approximately 9,500 containers of goods were moved by domestic maritime companies to help its residents recover. A steady stream of additional supplies keeps arriving in Puerto Rico on American vessels and on international ships from around the world. The problem now is distributing supplies from Puerto Rico’s ports inland by surface transportation,” said Thomas A. Allegretti, chairman of the American Maritime Partnership.
• Domestic maritime companies moved approximately 9,500 containers of goods in Puerto Rico to help the territory and its residents with the recovery from the damage wrought by Hurricane Maria.
• In the immediate aftermath, one state-of-the-art large containership arrived on Sunday with over 35 million pounds of cargo. This is the equivalent carrying capacity of 1,900 cargo planes.
• In anticipation of the island’s needs, the domestic American maritime industry stowed approximately 3,000 containers filled with goods in the terminals prior to the hurricane landing.
• Jones Act vessels have the capacity to carry more than 4,000 containers per week to Puerto Rico.
Fact check on reported claims in media
Claim: The Jones Act prevents cargo from foreign vessels to reach Puerto Rico.
False. Any foreign vessel can call on Puerto Rico. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) noted in a 2011 report that two-thirds of the ships serving Puerto Rico were foreign ships. Fifty-five different foreign carriers provided imported cargo to Puerto Rico in a single month, as cited as an example by GAO. Foreign shipping companies compete directly with the American shipping companies in an intensely competitive transportation market.
Claim: Import costs are at least twice as high in Puerto Rico as in neighboring islands on account of the Jones Act.
There is no study that supports this statement in any way. In fact, anecdotal evidence about rates indicates that the opposite is true. For example, one analysis shows it is 40 percent more expensive to ship goods from the U.S. mainland on foreign vessels to the U.S. Virgin Islands (not subject to the Jones Act) than on Jones Act vessels to Puerto Rico.
Claim: Jones Act vessels lack sufficient capacity to reach communities impacted by Hurricane Maria.
In the immediate aftermath of the hurricane, 100 percent of the island was without power, and roads were blocked by downed trees and debris. Goods are arriving to the island on vessels but bottlenecks on the roads are limiting arrival to the communities. The largest bottleneck is not getting goods to the island, but delivering goods once they arrive.
Claim: A Jones Act waiver would add efficiency to the delivery of essential cargoes to impacted communities.
Because of infrastructure challenges, a Jones Act waiver could hinder, not help, relief efforts. A Jones Act waiver could overwhelm the system, creating unnecessary backlogs and causing confusion on the distribution of critical supplies throughout the island. Already there are logistical bottlenecks for Jones Act cargoes as a result of the inability to distribute goods within Puerto Rico due to road blockages, communications disruptions, and concerns about equipment shortages, including trucks, chassis, and containers.
Claim: The Jones Act adds significantly to the cost of goods in Puerto Rico.
Over the last decade, a parade of politicians and “experts” have attempted to estimate the so-called “cost” of the Jones Act in Puerto Rico. Because the estimates have been wildly contradictory, in 2012, Puerto Rico delegate Pierluisi asked the GAO to determine the true “cost.” The GAO studied the issue for more than a year and debunked the previous estimates. First, the GAO said there are far too many factors that impact the price of a consumer good to determine the supposed cost related to shipping, much less the Jones Act. Second, the GAO said, one could not truly estimate the cost unless one knew which American laws would be applied to foreign ships if they were allowed to enter the domestic trades, which would certainly increase the cost of foreign shipping.
Claim: Changing the Jones Act in Puerto Rico will help the island, especially considering its current economic crisis.
A GAO study on Puerto Rico listed a number of potential harms to the territory itself if the Jones Act were changed, including the possible loss of the stable service the island currently enjoys under the Jones Act and the loss of jobs on the island. Moreover, American domestic carriers are making some of the largest private sector investments currently underway in Puerto Rico by investing nearly $1 billion in new vessels, equipment, and infrastructure. They employ hundreds of Puerto Rican American citizens on the island and on vessels serving the market, providing highly reliable, low-cost maritime and logistics services. These private sector jobs and reliable services are important to the long-term recovery of the Puerto Rican economy and would be jeopardized by changes to the Jones Act.
About American Maritime Partnership
The American Maritime Partnership represents more than 400 U.S. maritime companies from Alaska to Puerto Rico. The domestic maritime industry is made up of more than 40,000 American vessels built in American shipyards, crewed by American mariners, and owned by American companies that operate in our waters 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The industry sustains nearly 500,000 American jobs, $28.95 billion in labor compensation, and more than $92.5 billion in annual economic output. The U.S. domestic maritime industry is a pillar of our nation‘s economic, national, and homeland security.